Soyfood descriptions (3/3)

Yield: 1 Serving

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Soyoil is the natural oil extracted from whole soybeans. It is the most widely used oil in the U.S., accounting for 79 percent of our total vegetable fats and oils intake. Oil sold in the grocery store under the generic name "vegetable oil" is usually 100 percent soyoil or a blend of oils. Read the label to make certain you're buying soybean oil. Soyoil is cholesterol-free, and high in polyunsaturated fat.

Soy Protein Concentrates

Soy Protein Concentrates come from defatted soy flakes. Soy concentrates contain about 70 percent protein and retain most of the bean's dietary fiber.

Soy Sauces (Tamari, Shoyu, Teriyaki) Soy sauce is a dark brown liquid made from soybeans that have undergone a fermenting process. Soy sauces have a salty taste, but are lower in sodium than traditional table salt. Specific types of soy sauce are tamari, shoyu and teriyaki. Shoyu is a blend of soybeans and wheat.

Tamari is made only from soybeans and is a byproduct of making miso.


Soymilk is the rich creamy milk of whole soybeans. Plain, unfortified soymilk is an excellent source of high quality protein, B-vitamins.

Soymilk is most commonly found in aseptic (nonrefrigerated, shelf stable containers), but also can be found in quart and half gallon containers in the dairy case at the supermarket. Soymilk is also sold as a powder, which must be mixed with water. Tempeh

Tempeh (pronounced TEM pay), a traditional Indonesian food, is a chunky, tender cake of soybeans. Whole soybeans, usually mixed with another grain such as rice or millet, are fermented into a rich cake of soybeans with a smoky or nutty flavor. Tempeh can be marinaded and grilled and added to soups, casseroles, chili or spaghetti.

Textured Soy Proteins

Textured Soy Protein (known as TSP or TVPreg.) is made from defatted soy flour. The soy flour is compressed and dehydrated into a nutritious product that is rich in protein, low in fat and sodium. It's an excellent source of fiber. TSP is used as a meat extender or substitute, particularly for hamburger because the two have the same texture. TSP is sold dried in granular and chunk style. It can be found in natural food stores and through mailorder catalogs.

Tofu & Tofu Products

Tofu, also known as soybean curd, is a soft cheese-like food made by curdling fresh hot soymilk with a coagulant. Tofu is a bland product and can easily absorb the flavors of other ingredients with which it is cooked. Tofu is rich in high-quality protein, B-vitamins and low in sodium. Several types of tofu can be found in supermarkets and natural health food stores. Those varieties include firm tofu that is dense and solid. Firm tofu can be cubed and served in soups, stir fried, or grilled. Firm tofu is higher in protein, fat and calcium than other forms of tofu. Soft tofu is good for recipes that call for blended tofu.

Silken tofu is a creamy product and can be used as a replacement for sour cream in many dip recipes. Copyright 1996 Indiana Soybean Development Council File

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