Glossary of ingredients in this collection

Yield: 1 servings

Measure Ingredient
Greek Recipes

AVGOLEMONA--The best-known Greek sauce. Made of eggs and lemon juice, and used to flavor soups, meats, and vegetables.

BAKLAVA--A favorite Greek pastry. Crisp phyllo pastry filled with nuts and dripping with honey syrup.

BOUREKIA--Meats or vegetables wrappen in phyllo pastry. Smaller versions are called "bourekakia." COPENHAGEN--A dessert named in honor of King George I of Greece, who had been a Danish prince.

DOLMATHES--Stuffed grape leaves. Filled with either meat or rice and served hot or cold, with or without avgolemono.

FETA--Best known of the Greek cheeses. Made of goats' milk.

FIDE (Fidelo)--A very fine egg noodle. Sold here as fidelo, fidilini, etc.

FLOYERES--Phyllo pastry having a long, flutelike shape.

GIOUVETSI--Greek casserole

GLYKO--The word means "sweet" and is used to refer to spoon sweets.

GRAPEVINE LEAVES--Used for preparing dolmathes. Sold in this country in jars, already prepared for use, just rinse before using.

HALVAH--Dessert made with farina.

IMAM BALDI--A real treat of eggplant and trimmings. Legend has it that the "imam" (high priest) fainted in delight when served this.

Other legends say he fainted at the cost of the amount of oil used.

KASSERI--A firm table cheese. Used as a grating cheese. You may substitute Parmesan or Romano cheeses, but these have a stronger flavor.

KATAIFE--Available in Greek pastry or specialty shoppes. Some people substitute shredded wheat for it with fairly good results.

KIMINO--Cumin seed. Not too well known but easily available in this country. You will find many uses for its unusual flavor.

LATHERA--Foods braised in oil, and served in the same oil.

MAHLEPI--An unusual spice. Must be ground before using. Found in specialty shoppes.

MASTIHA--Mastic. Sometimes refers to the liqueur of the same name.

MAVRODAPHNE--A dessert wine. Available at most liquor shoppes.

MIZITHRA--A mild cheese similar to cottage and ricotta cheese.

MORTADELLA--A salami.

OUZO--A clear liquor flavored with aniseed. Very potent-few can drink it straight. Mix with cold water and it becomes cloudy.

PANTESPANI--Greek sponge cake.

PASTES SARDELIS--Salt-packed anchovies, served cleaned, and with oil and vinegar.

PAXIMADIA--Biscuits served with coffee or tea.

PHYLLO--A strudel-like pastry dough readily found in most larger supermarkets.

PILAFI--Cooked rice.

RENGA--Smoked herring.

SKORDALIA--A famous Greek garlic sauce. Very, very powerful. Not to be eaten before a theatre engagement or any social event--unless everyone else has eaten it too!! TARAMA--Carp rice.

TRAHANA--A homemade noodle used in soups and stews. Now available commercially in specialty shoppes. Substitute semolina if trahana in unobtainable.

VISSINO--Sour cherries in a delicious preserve.

VISSINADA--Sour-cherry preserves mixed with iced water for a cool summer drink.

ZAMPON--Ham.

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