glossary of indian cooking terms #1

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  ginger
  from the killing of animals or insects
  pomegranate
  and spices
  dal, yogurt salads,vegetables,
  and some meat and poultry preparations
  cooking
  marinated, skewered and grilled
  pans twice a day
  honey or sugar, and garnished with
  long-grain rice
  tomatoes, and herbs
  white flour, rolled into circles and
  deep-fried
  seasonings
  for pilafs
  eggs
  chicken separately as korma and then
  folding fragrant rice into it. Lamb
  biriyani is generally flavored with
  saffron and screw-pine essence, and
  garnished with nuts and silver foil.
  western coast of India), sun-dried,
  sold as a wafer
  skewered, and grilled
  universe
  priestly caste - the topmost of the
  Hindu castes
  (others being, in order of importance,
  ksatryas (the warrior class, vaishya
  (trader), and shudra (Cultivator or
  artisan)
  Untouchables are outcastes, and
  chamaar (leather worker), bhangi
  and dhobi (laundryman)

Aam ripe mango fruit Aata flour; whole-wheat flour Achar pickle Adrak fresh ginger root, also known as green Agni God of fire worshipped by Vedic Indians

A-himsa non-violence; the doctrine of refraining

Ajwain carom seeds also known as lovage Akroot walnut Aloo potato Amchoor mango powder made from sour mangoes Anardana dried edible seedlike fruit of the Anda egg Appalm lentil wafers Arbi Indian starch root vegetable Arhar Dal lentils Arwa Chawal long-grain rice Aur and Badaam almond Badaami meat or chicken, cooked with ground almonds

Bade small doughnut-shaped fried bean dumplings

Bade Elaichi black cardamon pods Badshahi emperor's Bag Bazaar famous market in Calcutta Bagda Jheengari giant prawns Baghar spice-perfumed butter used for flavoring

relishes,

Baigan eggplant Bakara or bakari goat Bakare ka Gosht goat's meat Bandh Gobhi cabbage Bara Jheenga lobster Barfi fudge Barista crisp fried onion shreds used in Moslem

Barra Kabab thin strips of boneless loin or rib meat,

Bartan Maanjhane Wali paid worker who cleans dishes, pots and

Basoondi dessert made with rabadi, sweetened with

nuts

Basmati generic name of a variety of Indian Beans green beans Besan chick-pea flour Bhara stuffed Bharta smoked eggplant fried with onions, Bharva same as Bhara Bhatoora leavened dough made of yogurt, potatoes and

Bhindi okra Bhojia vegetables stir-fried with spices and Bhona fried Bhonao the technique of frying onions and meat

Bhone piaz ke Lachee crisp fried onion shreds used as garnish

Bhorji scramble, generally applied to scramble of

Biriyani an elaborate pilaf made by cooking meat or

Biswa Tulsi sweet basil, the common supermarket variety

Bombil, or Bombay Duck small transparent fish (found along the

and

Boti Kabab boneless pieces of meat, marinated, Brahma the supreme Hindu God, the creator of the

Brahmin priestly caste, or person belonging to four

include

(sweeper),

Classic Indian Cooking by Julie Sahni ISBN 0-688-03721-6 Submitted By DIANE LAZARUS On 11-02-94

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